Analysis of Case-Control Studies

The computation and interpretation of the odds ratio in a case-control study has already been discussed in the modules on Overview of Analytic Studies and Measures of Association. Additionally, one can compute the confidence interval for the odds ratio, and statistical significance can also be evaluated by using a chi-square test (or a Fisher's Exact Test if the sample size is small) to compute a p-value. These calculations can be done using the Case-Control worksheet in the Excel file called EpiTools.XLS.

Image of the Case-Control worksheet in the Epi_Tools file